CRE Investment Formulas
Formulas you should know.
- NOI (Net Operating Income) = Operating Income – Operating Expenses
A positive NOI suggests a profit. A negative would imply a loss.
- Cap Rate (Capitalization Rate) = Annual NOI / Cost or Value of the Property
Cap rate is used to determine the value of income producing properties.
Example: You want to know the value of an apartment complex. You know that the cap rate for the area is 8% and the Net Operating Income for the complex is $5,000 a month.Since you need the Annual NOI, first multiply $5,000 by 12 (months)
$5,000 x 12 = $60,000
Then take this Annual NOI and divide it by the cap rate, 8%
$60,000 / 0.08 = $750,000
The estimated value for the apartment complex, through the income approach, is $750,000.
- Cash on Cash Return on Investment = Before Tax Cash Flows / Initial Investment
This takes into account financing on a property. It will give you a good measure of the property’s first year financial performance.